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Jute & the International Year of Natural Fibres, 2009

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Albury Enviro Bags supports the International Year of Natural Fibres 2009. We support the use of natural fibres such as jute and cotton in the production of reusable bags and promotional bags. The information below has been sourced from the Natural Fibres 2009 web site and the International Jute Study Group.

The International Year of Natural Fibres, which was officially launched on 22 January 2009, is intended to stimulate demand for natural fibres by increasing the awareness of their advantages and by promoting the efficiency of the natural fibres industries. At the request of the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), the declaration of 2009 as The International Year of Natural Fibres was made by the United Nations on 20th December 2006.

The FAO has listed the following 15 natural fibres.

    Plant Fibres

  • Abaca
  • Coir
  • Cotton
  • Flax
  • Hemp
  • Jute
  • Ramie
  • Sisal

    Animal Fibres

  • Alpaca
  • Angora
  • Camel
  • Cashmere
  • Mohair
  • Silk
  • Wool

Products derived from these natural fibres are of fundamental global importance in the textile and packaging industries. Furthermore, since many of these natural fibres are produced by small farmers in developing countries, income derived from these products is vital to the livelihood and survival of many of the poorer farmers and their families. The main goals of the International Year of Natural Fibres are to raise the profile of these natural fibres and their products, especially when compared to synthetic alternatives, while at the same time helping to improve the viability of these industries for farmers.

Jute, a Natural Fibre of Increasing Importance for the Environment.

Jute (Corchorus capsularis & Corchorus olitorius) is a natural vegetable fibre second to cotton in importance. The annual global production of jute and similar fibres is about 3 million tonnes.

Jute is a rain fed crop, requiring 1000mm of annual rainfall, which is cultivated mainly in Bangladesh, India and Thailand which account for more than 90 percent of world production. Jute is very fast growing, reaching a height of up to 4.5 meters in a period of 5 months. Jute fibre, which is is a long, soft, shiny natural fibre that can be spun into coarse, strong threads, is extracted from plants through various stages such as retting, stripping, washing and drying. The colour of jute varies from light tan to brown and it can be easily bleached or dyed. Jute is a crop grown predominantly by small farmers in developing countries such as India and Bangladesh where it is estimated that 4 million farmers and their families earn their living from jute cultivation.

Since mechanical harvesting is not appropriate on small jute farms, jute is usually harvested by hand with stems being cut close to the ground and left in the field for a few days to defoliate. Jute cultivation is therefore labour-intensive and provides an income for many small farmers. Jute fibre is used to produce hessian cloth, bags, carpet backing and geo-textiles.

Jute has various environmental advantages when compared to competing products. Jute plants require minimal amounts of fertiliser and pesticides compared to other crops and jute cleans the air by consuming large quantities of greenhouse causing CO2. One hectare of jute plants can consume about 15 tons of CO2 and release about 11 tons of oxygen during the jute growing season. Jute is a renewable energy source with a high production per hectare. The biological efficiency of jute farming means that jute agriculture has a low environmental impact compared to other crops. Jute and jute products are biodegradable, compostable, and environmentally friendly.

Because of the environmental advantages of natural fibres such as jute, the prospects for the world jute industry have improved considerably. Although the increased consumption of synthetic polypropylene plastic has had a negative effect on the jute industry in recent years, jute is now being seen as a better environmental alternative to such synthetic products. See our in depth article comparing the environmental advantages of jute with polypropylene.

Improvements in the production and processing of jute which would make jute more cost competitive would no doubt see this natural fibre continue to increase its share of the world market. Jute shopping bags are more environmentally friendly than either synthetic non woven polypropylene bags or conventional cotton bags, which require large amounts of water and chemicals to be grown successfully. Of course organic cotton is superior to conventional cotton from an environmental perspective.

Check our range of natural fibre jute bags and cotton bags.
Choose-a-bag, Eco bags
Eco bags
Backpacks
Shopping bags, Backpacks
Bottle bags
Shopping bags, Bottle bags
Christmas bags
Shopping bags, Christmas bags
Coffee cup bags
Shopping bags, Coffee cup bags
Conference bags
Shopping bags, Conference bags
Cooler bags
Shopping bags, Cooler bags
Cosmetic bags
Shopping bags, Cosmetic bags
Didgeridoonas
Didgeridoonas
Drawstring bags
Shopping bags, Drawstring bags
Fair Trade bags
Fair Trade Shopping bags, Fair Trade bags
Folding bags
Shopping bags, Folding bags
Garment bags
Shopping bags, Garment bags
Gift Bags
Shopping bags, Gift Bags
Library bags
Shopping bags, Library bags
Magazine bags
Shopping bags, Magazine bags
Messenger bags
Shopping bags, Messenger bags
Potato bags
Shopping bags, Potato bags
Promotional bags
Shopping bags, Promotional bags
Satchels
Shopping bags, Satchels
School bags
Shopping bags, School bags
Shopping bags
Shopping bags, green Shopping bags
Shoulder bags
Shopping bags, Shoulder bags
Specialty Bags
Shopping bags, Specialty Bags
Stock unprinted bags
Shopping bags, Stock unprinted bags
Sushi Bags
Shopping bags, Sushi Bags, Specialty Bags
Tote Bags
Shopping bags, Tote Bags
Trade show bags
Shopping bags, Trade show bags
Eco bags
Canvas
Shopping bags, Canvas
Cotton
Shopping bags, Cotton
Hemp
Shopping bags, Hemp
Juco
Shopping bags, Juco
Jute
Shopping bags, Jute
Nettle
Shopping bags, Nettle
Non woven PP
Shopping bags, Non woven PP
Oil Skin
Didgeridoonas, Oil Skin
PET
Shopping bags, PET
Eco bags

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